During an outbreak of RVF, close contact with animals, particularly with their body fluids, either directly or via aerosols, has been identified as the most significant risk factor for RVF virus infection. Raising awareness of the risk factors of RVF infection as well as the protective measures individuals can take to prevent mosquito bites is the only way to reduce human infection and deaths.
Brazil won a measles elimination certificate by the Pan American Health Organization in 2016, but the Ministry of Health has proclaimed that the country has struggled to keep this certificate, since two outbreaks had already been identified in 2018, one in the state of Amazonas and another one in Roraima, in addition to cases in other states (Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Pará, São Paulo and Rondônia), totaling 1053 confirmed cases until 1 August 2018. In these outbreaks, and in most other cases, the contagion was related to the importation of the virus, especially from Venezuela. This was confirmed by the genotype of the virus (D8) that was identified, which is the same that circulates in Venezuela.
So far, the COVID-19 era has the commodity market into splits. While the overall reaction of the commodity market is similar to the stock market, some commodities like gold have benefited from the outbreak of the pandemic, and some commodities whose market performance cannot be directly related to the impact of COVID-19. Amidst all this, perhaps taking a look at the future and the challenges to be faced by the global commodity market can lend us some valuable insights into what to expect going further.
This paper analyses the impact that COVID-19 has had on markets around the globe. It talks about the unprecedented reaction of both the stock and the commodity market towards the pandemic outbreak. Moreover, it also informs the reader of how different markets from different regions from different corners of the world have had varied reactions when it comes to market shocks. The volatility has been more uncertain of stocks and commodities since the pandemic outbreak. Talking about the commodity market, commodities such as oil have experienced a negative impact, whereas commodities such as gold have experienced a positive impact. Some commodities like agricultural commodities, natural gas have reactions that cannot be directly drawn from the impact due to COVID-19. 2b1af7f3a8